Can you please tell me more? Do you have any advice to offer? A: Dogs have two small oval-shaped sacs on either side of the anus. The purpose of the glands is to produce a fluid with a strong odor very pungent and fishy smell unique to each dog. Most dogs can also involuntarily express their anal sacks when they are fearful or become stressed.
What Are Anal Glands and Why Do Dogs Have Them?
What are anal glands?
What are dog anal glands? Located just below the skin surface between the two layers of muscle of the sphincter controlling the anus, they produce an oily, foul-smelling yellow to brown fluid that dogs use to broadcast who they are and mark their territory. What are the possible dog anal gland issues?
What are anal gland problems in dogs?
The secreted substance is normally an oily, brownish fluid that packs a strong odor. Liquid held inside the sac is usually expelled when a dog defecates, but if this does not occur on a regular basis, the material inside thickens, which makes it harder to pass. Then you see your dog scooting his bum on the ground or licking around the area. If the anal glands are not emptied they can become impacted and an abscess can form, which then bursts through the skin leaving a smelly, bloody, painful mess. This may be a temporary thing, such as during an episode of diarrhea, or it may be an ongoing issue. Obese animals do seem to have more trouble with their anal glands than do slimmer individuals, probably because extra body fat in the anal region lessens the pressure that passing feces applies to the glands. Relatively uncommon in cats and large breed dogs, anal gland infections and impactions are more often diagnosed in small breeds such as Toy and Miniature Poodles, Chihuahuas, and Lhasa Apsos.
Anal gland problems affect millions of pets and are a very common and frustrating problem. Anal gland issues arise when the anal glands of dogs and cats becoming over-filled, blocked, or irritated. All dogs and cats have these two small glands sometimes referred to as anal sacs near the anal opening. These glands which are typically the size of a small grape normally release a few drops of scent marking fluid whenever your pet defecates observed near the end of defecation. The illustration in figure 1 shows the relative size and position of the anal glands in dogs often referred to as anal sacs.